Appropriate disposal of sanitary waste or menstrual hygiene waste should be adhered to by all individuals. In some places, people dispose of sanitary wastes like sanitary pads, nappies, or condoms in the normal waste bins which is unhygienic.

Most public places like offices, schools and hospitals tend to have the right sanitary bins to be used in the disposal of sanitary wastes, however, not all places adhere to that.

Some even prefer flushing down the waste in toilets or placing it in weird places which is a sure disaster! In this article, we will cover sanitary waste disposal in urban and rural areas, the consequences of improper sanitary waste disposal, and strategies to deal with the issue.

The Disparity Between Sanitary Waste Disposal in Urban and Rural Areas

1. Sanitary Waste Disposal in Urban Areas

People in urban areas tend to dispose of sanitary waste appropriately. However, some people still flush down the toilets or throw in dustbins.

This is not recommended because the waste can end up in landfills or water which then leads to soil and water contamination. However, proper provision of sanitary waste bins ensures that all waste is managed well.

Commercial sanitary materials tend to take a long time before decomposing, that’s why they should be incinerated in designated areas to prevent harmful emissions of the fumes.

2. Sanitary Waste Disposal in Rural Areas

In rural areas, sanitary waste disposal is done by burying in the soil, burning, or throwing in pit latrines. Alternatively, some women use reusable and non-commercial sanitary materials which they can reuse, which reduces the waste to be disposed of.

Therefore, they generate less menstrual waste than the women in urban areas who use commercial disposable sanitary towels. However, proper strategies need to be taken to ensure proper sanitary waste disposal since some still throw soiled clothes anyhow which is hazardous to the environment.

If the individual had some infection, it can spread to another person or even lead to soil or water pollution.

Consequences of Improper Sanitary Waste Disposal

Washrooms are designed for urine and faeces and when the sanitary wastes are flushed down, the toilets can’t cope with the materials which leads to system blockage.

Some items like toilet paper, cotton wool, and tampons can decompose when thrown in pit latrines or landfills, however, that’s not the case for commercial sanitary pads. They don’t easily decompose. When thrown in modern toilets, they get saturated with liquid and swell leading to hazardous sewage backflow.

Also, burying commercial sanitary towels is not recommended as it can destroy the soil composition. Additionally, when thrown into water bodies, it contaminates it.

In some cases, sanitary waste content can be from an infected lady who has Hepatitis or HIV which can even live in the soil for 6 months which is hazardous.

Also, when plumbers try to solve the system blockage issue and don’t use the right safety equipment, they can get infections. That’s why incineration is the best waste management method.

Strategies to Ensure Proper Management of Sanitary Waste

  1. Manufacturers of sanitary products like sanitary towels, condoms, tampons, pantiliners, diapers, or nappies should disclose information regarding the chemical composition of the material and the best disposal techniques so that users can dispose of them well.
  2. Environment-friendly chemicals should be used when making sanitary products to reduce soil and water pollution and boost the decomposition process.
  3. Proper placement of sanitary bins in the washrooms in different public places. The bins should be collected and disposed of often to keep the toilets clean.
  4. The sanitary bins need to have closed lids to prevent other users from seeing other people’s waste.
  5. Proper safety tools should be provided to cleaners or licensed sanitary waste disposal companies to reduce disease spread. Just seek the right sanitary disposal services for your organisation.
  6. There should be awareness creation on proper disposal of sanitary waste.
  7. Incineration of sanitary waste with licensed sanitary waste companies like Trinkon Clinical Waste.


Sanitary waste disposal is recommended in all facilities. Every facility should have well-stipulated guidelines on sanitary waste disposal to reduce the risks of contamination in the facility.

TCW has the best sanitary disposal services that come as a package. You won’t have to worry about odours or risks of infection spread. Contact us today!

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